Dubia cockroaches, scientifically known as Blaptica dubia, are a tropical species of cockroach originally found in South and Central America. They are ground-dwelling omnivores that primarily eat rotting fruits, leaves, and plant matter.
They are popular feeder roaches for exotic pet owners because they cannot climb vertical surfaces, and they are readily consumed by a variety of pets, including reptiles, amphibians, fish, birds, and invertebrates. Dubia roaches are ovoviviparous, meaning they develop as eggs contained in egg cases inside the mother, and she gives birth to live larvae.
4 Incredible Dubia Cockroach Facts!
They are excellent climbers: Dubia cockroaches have special pads on their feet that allow them to climb smooth surfaces with ease. They can climb up vertical surfaces and even walk upside down on ceilings.
They are excellent food for reptiles: Dubia cockroaches are a popular food source for reptiles, such as bearded dragons and geckos, because they are high in protein and easy to digest.
They are a low-maintenance pet: While not a traditional pet, some people keep Dubia cockroaches as pets because they are easy to care for. They don’t require much space, and they can live off a diet of fruits, vegetables, and dry dog food.
They are not pests: Unlike other species of cockroaches, Dubia cockroaches are not considered pests. They are not attracted to human food or waste, and they are unlikely to infest homes. In fact, they are often bred in captivity for use as food for reptiles and other pets.
Dubia Cockroach Species, Types, and Scientific Name
The Dubia Cockroach, also known as the Orange-Spotted Cockroach, is a species of cockroach that is native to Central and South America. Its scientific name is Blaptica dubia.
There are no recognized subspecies of the Dubia Cockroach, but there are some color variations among individuals. Some may have more orange spots on their bodies than others, and some may have a darker or lighter overall coloration.
How to Identify Dubia Cockroaches
Dubia cockroaches can be identified by their size and appearance. They are medium-sized cockroaches that typically grow to be 1.2 to 1.6 inches long. They have a dark brown or black exoskeleton that is shiny and smooth.
The wings of Dubia cockroaches are not fully developed, so they cannot fly. Male Dubia cockroaches have wings that are longer than their bodies, while females have shorter wings that do not extend beyond the tip of their abdomens.
The bodies of Dubia cockroaches are also wider than those of other cockroach species, giving them a distinctive appearance. Additionally, Dubia cockroaches have a unique hissing sound that they make when threatened, which can also help with identification.
Life Cycle Dubia Cockroach
The life cycle of the Dubia cockroach typically consists of three stages: egg, nymph, and adult. The eggs are laid in a protective casing called an ootheca, which the female carries with her until they hatch. The nymphs resemble smaller versions of the adults, but lack wings and reproductive organs.
As they grow and molt their exoskeletons, they gradually develop these features until they reach adulthood. The time it takes for a Dubia cockroach to go from egg to adult can vary depending on temperature and other environmental factors, but typically takes several months.
Habitat Of Dubia Cockroach
Dubia cockroaches are native to the tropical forests of Central and South America, and they are commonly found in humid and warm areas such as rainforests and jungles. In the wild, they prefer to live in dark and damp places, such as rotting logs, leaf litter, and crevices.
They are also known to live in the burrows of other animals, such as rodents or reptiles. Dubia cockroaches are often kept as pets, and they are typically housed in plastic containers with a substrate of coconut fiber, peat moss, or vermiculite.
They require a warm and humid environment, with a temperature range of 80-95 degrees Fahrenheit and a humidity level of around 50-60%.
What Eats the Dubia Cockroach?
Many animals in the wild and in captivity feed on Dubia cockroaches. Some of the most common predators of Dubia cockroaches include birds such as chickens and turkeys, reptiles such as bearded dragons, chameleons, and geckos, as well as mammals such as rats, hedgehogs, and even some species of primates.
In the wild, Dubia cockroaches are an important food source for many animals, while in captivity, they are often fed to pet reptiles and other exotic animals. Some insect predators such as praying mantises and assassin bugs also feed on Dubia cockroaches.
However, it is important to note that Dubia cockroaches are often bred and kept as pets, and therefore it is crucial to provide them with a safe and secure environment to prevent predation.
Dubia Cockroach vs Discoid Cockroach
Dubia and discoid cockroaches are both popular feeder insects for reptiles and other exotic pets. While they may look similar at first glance, there are some key differences between the two species.
Dubia cockroaches are larger than discoid cockroaches, with adult females growing up to 4 cm in length while discoids only reach up to 2.5 cm. Additionally, dubia cockroaches have a darker, more uniform coloration compared to the lighter and more varied coloration of discoid cockroaches.
In terms of care, dubia cockroaches are often considered easier to breed and maintain than discoid cockroaches, as they have a higher tolerance for temperature and humidity fluctuations. However, both species can make excellent feeder insects and it ultimately comes down to personal preference and availability in your area.
How To Breed Dubia Roaches
Breeding Dubia roaches is relatively easy, and it can be done on a small scale or a large scale depending on your needs. You will need a breeding colony of Dubia roaches, which should consist of a male and several females.
The ideal temperature range for breeding Dubia roaches is between 85 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit, and the humidity level should be kept around 40 to 60 percent. You can provide them with a heat source such as a heat lamp or heating pad to maintain the temperature.
To breed the roaches, you will need to provide them with a suitable substrate for egg-laying. This can be a simple mix of coconut coir and water crystals, which will provide the necessary moisture for the roaches to lay their eggs.
Once the roaches begin to breed, you can collect the eggs and place them in a separate container. It will take around 4 to 5 months for the eggs to hatch into nymphs, which will then take around 4 to 6 months to reach maturity.
The Dubia cockroach is a popular and beneficial insect to keep as a feeder or pet. They are easy to care for, have a relatively long lifespan, and are nutritious for reptiles, birds, and other pets. Dubia roaches are also known for their low maintenance, low noise level, and low odor, making them a great option for those who want to keep insects but do not want the hassle of caring for crickets or other insects. With their distinct appearance, easy-to-identify features, and unique life cycle, Dubia roaches continue to be a popular choice among insect enthusiasts.